See ABC Lateline report on survey.  CLICK here for a summary of the survey methods and results.

It’s official: Coalition politicians are less certain than their Labor counterparts that climate change exists and less likely to consider it a serious threat to human existence, a new survey shows.

The inaugural Political Leaders and Climate Change Index (PLCCI) – co-sponsored by the Global Change Institute and the Institute for Social Science Research, both at The University of Queensland – demonstrates that beliefs about climate change diverge dramatically along political lines.

Dr Kelly Fielding, Institute for Social Science Research (http://www.issr.uq.edu.au), said preliminary results from the survey confirmed that Labor politicians have a greater belief and comprehension of climate change and its impacts.

“Liberal/National politicians, on the other hand, are expressing uncertainty about climate change – they aren’t convinced that it is a serious threat to humans or that the current impacts are serious,” Dr Fielding outlined.

The survey of more than 300 federal, state and local government political leaders highlights that the political debate around climate change is based on significantly different levels of knowledge and understanding of the issue.

And Labor and Liberal political leaders are also influenced by different sources. While the results show that scientists generally have the most influence over politicians’ knowledge of climate change, the level of influence varies significantly between politicians on the left and right of the spectrum.

“Labor politicians are more influenced by scientists than Liberal/National politicians – 85% of Labor politicians are highly influenced by this group compared to 44% of Liberal/National politicians,” Dr Fielding said.

Professor Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Director of the Global Change Institute, said he was surprised by the results.

“They suggest that many politicians are not going to the experts for information on this important matter,” Professor Hoegh-Guldberg said.

“The survey confirms suspicions of a great political divide.  On one hand, you have political leaders that are listening to the science on climate change and are taking it extremely seriously.  On the other, you have others who have less regard for the science and appear not to fully understand the serious nature of climate change for Australia and the world.

“It is of great concern that a large number of political leaders do not feel compelled by the overwhelming scientific case for climate change. So the question needs to be asked – where do those political leaders who are not highly-influenced by science get their information on climate change?

“Why they would not be influenced by climate change experts who have spent their careers exploring this critically important issue in a non-biased fashion needs answering.”

In addition to scientists, environmental groups, international figures and constituents were considered as influential sources by all respondents, irrespective of their political persuasion.

Labor politicians are more influenced by environmental groups than their Coalition counterparts with just over one-third of Liberal/National respondents reporting they are not at all influenced by environmental groups on the issue of climate change.

For Coalition politicians their top priority lies with ‘managing a strong economy’, a big bottom line (60.3%), but only 2.7% rank ‘tackling global warming’ as paramount, and 5.5% nominate ‘protecting the environment’.

By comparison, almost one-quarter of Labor politicians highlight ‘tackling poverty and social disadvantage’ as the most important issue (24.7%), followed by ‘managing a strong economy’ (19.6%), on an equal footing as ‘tackling global warming’ (19.6%) and ‘protecting the environment’ (11.3%).

Interestingly, a sample of the general population surveyed on the same issues as part of the PLCCI, highlights that political leaders overall are less likely to believe in climate change, and the need to act, than members of the public.

“What is surprising is that the community remains convinced that climate change is a major challenge and yet some political leaders appear to be denying climate change.  There is a significant political divide on climate change and it would be good politics to rethink this particular issue,” Prof Hoegh-Guldberg said.

Despite this, politicians think that their own belief in the facts that underpin climate change is stronger than their electorate’s beliefs.

“The idea that there might be a disparity between what politicians think the electorate believes about climate change, and what their electorate actually does believe has significant implications for how politicians prioritise climate change as an issue,” Dr Fielding said.

 

5 Responses to Many Liberal-National Party politicians have trouble understanding climate change.

  1. I am a bit taken aback at your expressed surprise over the party differences on climate change awareness. In the US, there has been a widening gap between Democrats and Republicans for many years, as illustrated by Climate-Change Views: Republican-Democratic Gaps Expand: Sharp divergence on whether the effects of global warming are yet evident, by Riley E. Dunlap, Gallup Scholar for the Environment. (http://www.gallup.com/poll/107569/ClimateChange-Views-RepublicanDemocratic-Gaps-Expand.aspx).

    The research you have carried out with Kelly Fielding and others is highly important for bringing the political issue into an Australian context, but it simply confirms what has long been identified as an issue in the US.

    One could quote other international sources showing a politicized attitude to climate change, dividing “conservatives” and “progressives”. We both agree that the problem of overcoming the power of climate denialism is getting increasingly urgent, which makes the research so important. But unfortunately the findings are not surprising.

    HHG

  2. OveHG says:

    Thank you Hans. I think that is a fair comment. My surprise is not so much about the fact that there is a broad gap between political ideologies, but rather that there is such a large number of coalition politicians who plainly state that they do not go to climate change scientists to get information on this issue. To me, this position doesn’t seem a particularly tenable position from a logical point of view and I would not have expected them not to admit it so freely.

  3. Phil M says:

    “Labor politicians are more influenced by scientists than Liberal/National politicians – 85% of Labor politicians are highly influenced by this group compared to 44% of Liberal/National politicians,” Dr Fielding said.

    I watched that ABC lateline report & when I saw that percentage of conservative politicians at 44% & was hoping the question was going to be asked that was begging. If you aren’t influenced by the scientists, then who ARE you influenced by? Lobby groups? Bloggers? Journalists?

    Do they apply the same logic to other professions? For medical, engineering, legal, economical, military etc etc, ask the bloggers & journalists?

  4. [...] of anti-IPCC stories. There is discussion of the survey on ABC’s Lateline, Larvatus Prodeo, Climate Shifts and Duckpond, ………… all parties rated their electorates as more skeptical [...]

  5. mutuelle says:

    thanks for this blog

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